What does the NEP 2020 mean for you?
On July 29, 2020, Mr. Ramesh Pokhriyal, Minister of the newly renamed Ministry of Education, released the New Education Policy 2020. This is the third Education policy of the country since independence and is a major step forward for the Indian education system as it brings a number of reforms in the existing curriculum that will bring about a positive change in the way children are educated in our country.
The vision and journey of NEP 2020
According to the MHRD (now renamed as Ministry of Education or MoE), The NEP 2020 aims to bring about an India-centred education system with a target to transform the way our future leaders are educated, and provide high-quality education to all.
As the first new education policy in 34 years, it has come about as a major change. The panel that submitted the first draft in 2018 was led by former ISRO chief, K. Kasturirangan. It was made public and open to feedback in May 2019.
Assessment of the students will shift to a formative style encouraging - higher-order thinking skills, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity. The State will take examinations at three levels - classes 3, 5, and 8. The Board examinations will continue, however, they will now assess holistic development, and not encourage rote learning.
PARAKH - Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development will be established.
From the 2022 session, NTA will conduct a common college entrance exam twice a year.
A multiple entry-exit provision will be added to higher education. This will imply that a Bachelor’s degree will be of 4 years with exit options in the first two years.
UGC and AICTE will be merged. So far, no new body to replace the apex institutions in arts and sciences has been announced, but plans are being charted out for a single regulator of higher education.